Learning Styles

on June 3, 2013

Assalamualaikum w.b.t..

On Tuesday morning, 4th April, we have lecture about Learning Style.

  • Learning style is an individual’s natural or habitual pattern of acquiring and processing information in learning process.
  •  individuals differ in how they learn.
  •  The idea of individualized learning styles originated in the 1970s, and has greatly influenced education.

Learning styles in education recommend that teachers assess the learning styles of their students and adapt their classroom methods to best fit each student’s learning style because there are differences in individual thinking and ways of processing various types of information as well as how they learn.


David A. Kolb  create learning  styles model  based on the Experiential Learning Theory, as explained in his book Experiential Learning: Experience as the source of learning and development (1984).

The  model outlines two related approaches toward grasping experience:

Concrete Experience and Abstract Conceptualization,as well as two related approaches toward transforming experience: Reflective Observation and Active Experimentation.

According to Kolb’s model, the ideal learning process engages all four of these modes in response to situational demands. In order for learning to be effective, all four of these approaches must be incorporated. As individuals attempt to use all four approaches, however, they tend to develop strengths in one experience-grasping approach and one experience-transforming approach. The resulting learning styles are combinations of the individual’s preferred approaches. These learning styles are as follows:

  1. Converger 
  2. Diverger
  3. Assimilator
  4. Accommodator

Convergers are characterized by abstract conceptualization and active experimentation. They are good at making practical applications of ideas and using deductive reasoning to solve problems.

Divergers tend toward concrete experience and reflective observation. They are imaginative and are good at coming up with ideas and seeing things from different perspectives.

Assimilators are characterized by abstract conceptualization and reflective observation. They are capable of creating theoretical models by means of inductive reasoning.

Accommodators use concrete experience and active experimentation. They are good at actively engaging with the world and actually doing things instead of merely reading about and studying them.



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